Answers: There are three kinds of water:
1. Pure and purifying water, which removes hadath and impurity.
2. Pure yet not purifying water. This means that it is not valid to use it for ablution or ghusl though it is pure. An
example of this is the water that has already been used in ablution.
3. Impure water, which a Muslim is not allowed to use for purification or removing impurity.
The first kind of water is the absolute water, that is, water which is pure in its own right and can be used for purifying
other things, such as the water of rain, ice, and hail, as well as the water of springs, wells, rivers, groundwater, and seawater.
The second kind of water, which is pure yet not purifying, is like the water which a man used in ablution or ghusl when there was not any tangible impurity on his body, because if there was any such impurity the water would lose the characteristic of being pure. This indicates that this water is still pure in itself, as it was used for ablution on a clean body, but it is not purifying, that is, it is not suitable for ablution or for any other form of ritual purification for a second time, because it has become void of the characteristic of being a ritually purifying water, for it has already been used as such and thus cannot be used again for the same purpose.
The third kind of water, which is the impure water, is the water which is afflicted by impurity when its quantity is little and this impurity changes some of its qualities such as taste, color, or smell. It is not valid to use such water for ritual purification or removing impurity in general. And, Allah knows best.
Hadiths on repentance
Scholars said it is necessary to repent from every sins. If the offense involves the rights of Allah, not a human, then there are three conditions to be met in the order that repentance be accepted by Allah.
The conditions to be met for repentance to be accepted by Allah
- To desist from committing it.
- To feel sorry for committing it
- To decide not to recommit it.
Any repentance failing to meet any of these three conditions, would not be accepted.
But if the sin involves a human’s right, i.e, to absolve oneself from such right. If it is a property, he should return it to its rightful owner. If it is slandering or backbiting one should ask the pardon of the offended.
One should also repent from all sins. If he repents from some, his repentance would still be sound according to the people of sound knowledge. He should, however, repent from the rest.
Scriptural proofs from the book and the Sunnah and the consensus of the scholars support the incumbency of repentance.
Allah, the Exalted, says.
“And all of you beg Allah to forgive you, O believers, that you may be succesfull. (24, 31)”
“Seek the forgiveness of your Rubb, and turn to Him in repentance. (11, 3)”
“O you who believe, turn to Allah with sincere repentance (6608)”
Al-Agharr bin Yaar Al-Muzani narrated that the Messenger of Allah said,
“Turn you people to your lord in repentance to Allah and beg pardon of him, I turn to Him in repentance a hundred times a day”